Intubating a patient

Tip of the day:
Bagging an intubated patient every 6 seconds no pause in compressions.
#emergencymedicine #emt #emtlife #acls

The rate of delivery is approximately 120 events per minute (or 2 events per second) meaning that there should be 90 compressions  and 30 breaths delivered in a minute period. There should be no pause for exhalation after the ventilation, as the first compression will allow this to occur without a delay in compressions.



Your Mind & Body Matters

Your Mind & Body Matters

By: Jessica Drosos

With school starting up again, it’s important to be informed of the new dangers in vaping, and its popularity among school students.

Like regular tobacco filled cigarettes, e-cigarettes work to deliver a boost of nicotine to the brain. But unlike regular cigarettes, they’re battery powered devices. The battery is activated by the user’s puffing, which creates  heat and vaporizes liquid chemicals in the cartridge. The user inhales the resulting vapor, which often is flavored.

According to the American Heart Association and the U.S. surgeon general, this is how your body starts to recover when you quit smoking:

  • In the first 20 minutes: your blood pressure and heart rate recover from the nicotine-induced spikes.
  • After 12 hours: the carbon monoxide levels in your blood return to normal.
  • After two weeks: your circulation and lung function begin to improve.
  • After one to nine months: clear and deeper breathing gradually returns; you have less coughing and shortness of breath; you regain the ability to cough productively instead of hacking, which cleans your lungs and reduce your risk of infection.
  • After one year: your risk of coronary heart disease is reduced by 50 percent.
  • After 5 years: Your risk of cancer of the mouth, throat, esophagus, and bladder are cut in half. Your risk of cervical cancer and stroke return to normal.
  • After 10 years: You are half as likely to die from lung cancer. Your risk of larynx or pancreatic cancer decreases.
  • After 15 years: your risk of coronary heart disease is the same as a non-smoker’s.


Summer is almost over!

Fall is around the corner!

By: Jessica Drosos

The scent of fall is nearly in the air but if you’re like the many of us who are clinging to the long days of sun that summer brings, get up and get out. You don’t want autumn to hit while you still have summer bucket list items to cross off your list. Read on for suggestions on things you must do before it ends.

Go for a Night or Morning Walk/Run

A morning walk or run ensures you get in your exercise, as we’ve all fallen victim to the last-minute happy hour after work. Blast your favorite summer tunes as you enjoy the sights and sounds of nature that have stuck around.

Hit the Water

If you live anywhere near a beach, get there. Even if you don’t go in the water, simply being ocean or lake adjacent is good for your emotional health. There is just something so tranquil about being by the water, and it’s just good for the soul. Whether you get your exercise on in the sand or simply stare at the water in a trance-like fashion, a trip to the beach is always worth your while. Grab a  towel  and pack a picnic to maximize the experience.

Go to an Outdoor Movie or Concert

There is nothing quite like seeing your favorite flicks and bands under the stars. Whether you get a spot in a seat for the sake of claiming your space or you sit on a hillside with a full picnic spread, these activities are a definite pre-autumn must.

Eat and Drink Like It’s Still Summer

Get out the barbecue and grill your favorite meats, fruits, and veggies. Serve your food up with some lemonade.

Fourth of July Safety Tips!

Fourth of July wouldn’t be the same for most families without fireworks.

Author: Jessica Drosos

Every year, however, thousands of people end up in emergency rooms and hospitals with firework-related injuries. Children, in particular, are prone to burns, as sparklers can burn at 1,800 degrees Fahrenheit. It’s always best to leave the fireworks displays to the professionals. If you plan on purchasing your own fireworks while RVing this July, follow these safety tips to avoid a trip to the ER.

Check the Laws Where You Are

Due to the dangerous nature of fireworks and the risk of forest fires, many states and cities impose laws restricting civilian use of fireworks. Check the laws where you’ll be RVing this Independence Day to make sure you avoid legal trouble. Municipal firework laws are in place for everyone’s safety. Obey the laws in the state, city, and campsite where you’re spending the holiday. Nobody wants a neighbor that doesn’t follow the rules. If you can use fireworks, buy a type that is safe for civilians, not those used only in professional displays.

Never Give Children Fireworks

Parents don’t realize that giving children sparklers is just as dangerous as many “exploding” types of fireworks. Sparklers burn at a degree that’s hot enough to melt metal. Children don’t know how to keep their hands, arms, and faces safe from sparklers, and may not understand the risk at all. This could lead to serious burn injuries and permanent scars. Don’t give children any type of firework. Instead, use glow sticks, party poppers, and silly string to make the occasion fun yet safe.

Don’t Lose Your Pets

Pets, especially dogs, are known to take off in fear at the sound of a firework. If you’re camping with Fido, or you’re in a dog-friendly campsite with other neighbors, take your fireworks elsewhere to set them off. Otherwise, pets could break loose and take off into the woods or into the street. Again, make sure it’s okay to use loud fireworks where you’re camping. Many campsites are in fire-prone areas and will have bans on most types of fireworks.

Never Relight a Dud Firework

If a firework doesn’t go off correctly after lighting, safely dispose of it. Never try to pick up or relight a dud firework. It could contain a defect that causes the firework to explode or otherwise act unpredictably. Wait to make sure the firework is truly a dud before approaching. Otherwise, it could unexpectedly fire right when you’re reaching down to pick it up. Douse all dud and used fireworks in water before discarding them in the trash can.

Don’t Hold Fireworks in Your Hand

Lost fingers are common serious injuries on the 4th of July holiday. Adults, teens, and children holding dangerous fireworks in their fists while lighting them can lead to explosions and traumatic amputations, as well as severe burn injuries. Always place fireworks as directed in a safe location on the ground. Do not hover any part of your body over the firework while lighting. Do not shoot them off in glass or metal containers. Back away to a safe distance immediately after igniting a firework. Never hold fireworks in your hands or point them at other people. Make sure a responsible sober adult supervises firework activities.


The CPR Lady Instructors at Emerald Bay BSA Camp 2019

The CPR Lady would like to highlight some of our Instructors this month on how they go out into the community to give back!

Author: Jessica Drosos

Debbie Medina, founder of  CPR It Works, LLC, along with John Little, an AHA Instructor with The CPR Lady recently went to Catalina Island, Emerald Bay BSA Camp to train 40 camp counselors. How fun!  These Instructors want to play an active role in fulfilling the counselors needs by training and certifying them in Heartsaver CPR AED. The Heartsaver CPR AED Course is designed to prepare students to provide CPR and use an automated external defibrillator (AED) in a safe, timely, and effective manner. This program is for anyone with limited or no medical training who needs an AHA course completion card. The counselors will learn;

  • CPR – Adult, Child, Infant
  • Use an automated external defibrillator (AED)
  • Choking – Adult, Child, Infant

“This was the most comprehensive training they have ever received.” The Camp Counselors said.

Having the knowledge and confidence to help aide in an emergency is priceless. Once you have the knowledge to possibly help save a life, no one can take that away from you. In addition, when you are in an emergency, it is important to be as prepared and confident as possible. As we know, emergencies can happen anywhere. Camp is the place you are going to find your true self. Camp is the place where you are going to make your best friends. Camp is the place where the magic is. Camp is the place that when you’re having a bad day, that is where you will want to run to. Camp is home. I say all of this because you need to know if you are working as a camp counselor, it’s so important to keep kids safe!

Check out these amazing pictures below of The CPR Lady Instructors and the Camp Counselors getting CPR certified.


Camp Emerald Bay currently serves over 4500 Scout Campers per summer. With such a large property and many exploration sites on Catalina’s West End, the possibilities for activity and growth are limitless.

Emerald Bay also offers a wide variety of Troop bonding activities such as camping, kayaking, mountain biking, and snorkeling.







Summer Safety Tips

Are you ready for Summer?

Author: Jessica Drosos

While Spring is my favorite season of the year I realized once again how much fun summer can be. School will be out, and that means long, playful days full of sunshine. Weekends on a sailboat and afternoons of listening for the ice cream truck. Vacations in the Outer Banks or just beach days. Pool days and waterparks, cookouts and Fourth of July parties. Bike rides to the park. Nights of watching movies in the park. But what most people do not prepare for is the Heat! Anybody can be at risk for a heat-related illness. So here are some of my safety tips that you shouldn’t forget!

  • Dress for the heat. Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing in breathable fabrics such as cotton, or a synthetic fabric that repels sweat. Add a hat and/or sunglass.
  • Sunscreen. Before you get started, apply a water-resistant sunscreen with at least SPF 15, and reapply it every two hours.
  • Drink lots of water! Find some shade or a cool place, stop for a few minutes, hydrate and start again. Stay hydrated by drinking a few cups of water before, during and after your exercise. Avoid caffeinated or alcoholic beverages.
  • Bug Safety. Mosquitoes can cause several illnesses, including Zika Virus and West Nile Virus.
  • Playgrounds. Emergency departments see more than 20,000 children ages 14 and younger for playground-related traumatic brain injury each year.
  • Fireworks. Summer is synonymous with barbecues, parades, fireworks displays – and plenty of  visits to emergency rooms, especially during July.
  • Water Safety. Drowning caused 3,709 deaths in 2017. The younger the child, the greater the risk.

Family Owned Business

It is so special to be a part of a Family Owned Business

Author: Jessica Drosos

The CPR Lady is honored to be nominated for the Small Family Owned Business Award with the Orange County Business Journal.

Congratulations to all the winners and supporters of this event. The Family-Owned Business Awards program spotlights Family-Owned businesses who continue to grow and evolve in an ever-changing economy, while managing to stay true to their roots.

The CPR Lady has five features that offer unique advantages to the business and its family and nonfamily staff, its associates and its buying public. Security of position allows forward thinking and quick decision making, and a family atmosphere puts people first and fosters good morale and loyalty within the workplace. Couple these with a desire to preserve the family name, which means more responsible leadership. The CPR Lady also forms tight relationships with vendors, suppliers and customers that foster years of repeat business, and finally, the vested interest family members have in the business they helped build means more effort is invested in every aspect of the business.

Land a job in a family-owned business and enjoy an extension of the family atmosphere to you. The CPR Lady treats their employees like family, even the ones who aren’t. They tend to foster longer working relationships with their nonfamily employees and work harder to create an atmosphere of security and community. The CPR Lady has different gatherings to bond with their employees and family. We have pool parties twice a year. The McCracken’s love to get the kids involved with activities. We have a special summer gathering at the Lagoon where the staff and family get together and enjoy yummy food while the kids splash in the lagoon.  In the month of October, The CPR Lady chooses one of the fun packed Orange County Pumpkin Patches and the kids get to pick out any pumpkin they can carry! I love how the team gets together and enjoy a meal and can just enjoy the holiday. These events have been The CPR Lady tradition. Christmas is amazing at The CPR Lady we decorate our entire office and it feels so homey. The CPR Lady treats the team to a different and amazing restaurant each year where we have our Christmas Party. The McCracken’s support my daughter and come to her ballet recitals. It is such a beautiful feeling to have your employer love on your kids.After each event I make these fun memorable photo books! Family Owned Businesses are so special and unique. The CPR Lady will always have a special place in my heart.

Memorial Day – Kick off to Summer

Kick off to Summer

Author: Jessica Drosos

The unofficial start to summer is just around the corner as we get ready for the long anticipated Memorial Day weekend. Living a healthy lifestyle can help reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke, the No. 1 and No. 5 leading causes of death in the nation. Studies show that up to 80 percent of cardiovascular events can be prevented with simple lifestyle changes, like walking more and eating healthier. The American Heart Association offers these tips for a heart-healthy Memorial Day weekend — and a great way to kick off the summer season!

The overall goal of CPR is to temporarily take over or mimic the functions of the heart and pump blood throughout the body until emergency services arrive. The American Heart Association publishes guidelines on proper questions to ask before administering CPR. Once you or someone nearby has called 911 for emergency services, quickly assess the situation by asking yourself the following questions:
• Is the environment safe?
• Does the person show signs of breathing?
• Is the person responding to taps on their shoulder?
After assessing the situation, you may need to act quickly on your own or under the instruction of the 911 dispatcher to begin CPR immediately.
Remember, if a person enters cardiac arrest, they may only have a few minutes before permanent damage occurs. The difference between hesitating and reacting could make all the difference.

Opioid Crisis in California

Did you know?

Author: Jessica Drosos

This crisis is not only a health crisis but a legal crisis too. Opioid addiction creates a huge black market for sources of all variety of opioids, including heroin. The addiction also causes many addicts to commit crimes so that they can fund their habit. But the most tragic from this all is the number of people who are dying from opioid overdoses. In 2018 statistics show that 29,395 (or 60 percent) involve a synthetic opioid—presumed to be mainly illicit fentanyl. The very latest provisional data, for the 12 months ended March 31, 2018, predict 71,073 total deaths, or 195 overdoses per day. Of these, 48,400 involved at least one opioid (68 percent).
When someone has an opioid overdose, they need medical help right away. As of 2018, 46 states and the District of Columbia had passed Good Samaritan laws about opioid overdose. These laws protect people from arrest or prosecution if they try to help someone who has overdosed.
Some states such as California and Nevada have also made Naloxone available without a prescription so that it is easier to treat an overdose.

Recognizing an Opioid overdose;
1. Check- to see if the person is unconscious or non-responsive
2. Listen- for breathing or gasping of air
3. Look- for cyanotic lips, fingernails, or skin; pinpoint pupils
4. Touch- clammy or sweaty skin

Naloxone is extremely successful in reversing an opioid overdose. It is fast acting and only stays in a person’s system for roughly 30 to 90 minutes. Naloxone should be given at the first signs of overdose. As effective as it is, Naloxone does not work on non-opioid or narcotic drugs.
Did you know in 2016, among drug overdose deaths that mentioned at least one specific drug, the synthetic opioid FETANYL RANKED FIRST!
The CPR Lady, Inc. ( offers Opioid Education for Healthcare Providers Online this class is designed for healthcare professionals and other personnel who need an understanding of the opioid epidemic and special consideration for taking care of patients with an opioid overdose. The course teaches how to identify and respond to a possible opioid overdose and shows how and when to use Naloxone and CPR.

This is a great course to take! It is so crucial to know that our nation has a huge opioid crisis. Remember to Assess and Activate. Check for unresponsiveness and call for help. Send someone to call 9-1-1 and get an AED and Naloxone.

Opioid Resource List for Healthcare Providers

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration




The CPR Lady Open House Celebrating 25 Years of Saving Hearts

Saving Hearts One Beat at A Time …….

By Jessica Drosos on April 23, 2019

I have been with The CPR Lady for almost 2 years. One day, as I was working on some social media projects, I ran across the year that The CPR Lady was founded.  Helen McCracken is a self-made business woman who has built her business from the ground up! The CPR Lady oversees more than 700 CPR Instructors nationwide. This is an amazing accomplishment since 1994.

March 7, 2019, we celebrated The CPR Lady’s 25 Years of Saving Hearts

by having an Open House. The CPR Lady team came up with these special baseball t-shirts for this special event. On the back there is a number 25 in red with rhinestones outlining the number. Helen loves “bling”. We designed the t-shirts so the staff can wear them in resemblance of, “Go Team Helen!” AKA  The One and Only “CPR Lady”

We had delicious refreshments such as cheese and crackers, a veggie tray, amazing Parmesan dip with quinoa crackers, turkey wraps, apple cider and rose champagne. The cake table was so beautifully decorated, and the cake was so amazing.

We would like to Thank everyone for being a part of The CPR Lady, Inc.